Category: <span>Commentary</span>

Throughout the prophecy of Jeremiah, the reader can follow at least two themes. First, God is sovereign over the nations of humankind and He alone has power over their leaders…

Commentary Jeremiah Old Testament

Malachi prophesied to the descendants of the exiles who returned to Judea following the decree of King Cyrus (Ezra 1:1-5). Haggai and Zachariah preached to those who had returned, exhorting…

Commentary Malachi Old Testament

Zechariah preached to a discouraged audience. The returned exiles had traveled a great distance, labored in reconstructing the temple—done what they thought to be God’s will—only to experience opposition from…

Commentary Old Testament Zechariah

God called Zechariah to preach to the exiles that had returned from captivity to build the temple in Jerusalem, according to the decree of Cyrus king of Persia (Ezra 1:1-5;…

Commentary Old Testament Zechariah

Haggai and Zechariah preached to the exiles who returned to rebuild the temple when King Darius ruled the Persian Empire (Hag 1:1; Zech 1:1). Further historical details can be identified…

Commentary Haggai Old Testament

Zephaniah ministered during the reign of Josiah. That pagan worship was practiced in Judah may indicate that Zephaniah prophesied just before Josiah’s more prominent reforms (Zeph 1:4-5; 2 Kgs 23:1-27).…

Commentary Old Testament Zephaniah

The prophet Habakkuk did not indicate the names of those who reigned in Judah during his ministry, but the themes and tone of his writing parallel the events following the…

Commentary Habakkuk Old Testament

Nahum’s name means “He comforted, took pity.” Like Jonah, Nahum referenced the city of Nineveh. Nineveh’s repentance was short lived. After revival during Jonah’s ministry, the Assyrian empire—whose capital city…

Commentary Nahum Old Testament

Micah, a contemporary of Isaiah, preached in Judah during the reigns of Jotham (2 Kgs 15:32-38), Ahaz (2 Kgs 16:1-20), and Hezekiah (2 Kgs 18-20). During Micah’s ministry, Assyria had…

Commentary Micah Old Testament

The book of Jonah poses a piercing question: What happens when God makes friends with your enemies? Jonah was called to preach to Nineveh at a time when the Assyrian…

Commentary Jonah Old Testament